Keadaan Di India

Tempo Hari, tepatnya tanggal 19 Desember 2008, saya melakukan perjalanan ke New Delhi, India. Perjalanan dari Indonesia Membutuhkan waktu 6 Jam dengan transit di Singapore.

Sesampainya disana, saya dihadapi dengan angin kencang, karena di sana sedang berada di musim dingin (Winter). suhunya kira2 mencapai 5-18 derajat celsius.

Berikut saya akan menceritakan keadaan India setelah terjadinya teror Mumbai

Sebelum masuk ke Lobby hotel (Oberoi Hotel New Delhi), mobil rombongan saya di periksa secara ketat oleh pasukan Delhi Police. Setelah berada di gerbang lobby, saya kembali di periksa secara ketat. sungguh mengesalkan

kata orang2, sebelum kejadian mumbai, polisi2 di india tidak pernah mengadakan razia di tengah malam. namun setelah kejadian tersebut, polisi bertebaran du malam hari untuk mengadakan razia di beberapa titik. tentu hal tersebut dilakukan untuk mencegah datangnya teroris untuk menyerang New Delhi.

Di Agra (sekitar 200km dari Delhi), daerahnya lebih kumuh dan kotor ketimbang New Delhi. Namun, pemeriksaannya lebih ketet dibanding Delhi . Di hotelnya (ITC Mughal Agra), saya terpaksa harus membuka tas kecil yang saya bawa kemana-mana, yang isinya berupa pasport, charger HP, sikat gigi, dll. lalu kantong saya diperiksa satu- persatu.

sungguh, pengaruh kejadian teror tersebut berdampak besar pada satu negara. Apalagi, India akan menjadi tuan rumah Commonwealth Games (ajang olahraga yang di ikuti oleh negara-negara hasil persekutuan Inggris ex: Malaysia, Singapore, Hongkong, dll.) 2010. Mungkin teror tersebut memberatkan persiapan acara tersebut

January 14, 2009 at 3:24 pm Leave a comment

Mumbai Tragedy

Large plumes of smoke are seen coming from the Taj Hotel in Mumbai on Thursday after a series of coordinated attacks rocked the city. (Arko Datta/Reuters)
Multiple attacks kill and wound scores in Mumbai
Reuters, The Associated Press
Published: November 26, 2008

MUMBAI: Teams of heavily armed gunmen stormed luxury hotels, a popular tourist attraction and a crowded train station in at least seven attacks in India’s financial capital, killing at least 78 people and wounding at least 200, officials said Thursday.

Large plumes of smoke were seen rising from the top of the landmark Taj Hotel and heavy firing could be heard, a witness said.

Among the dead was Hemant Karkare, chief of the police anti-terrorist squad in Mumbai, Indian television channels reported.

A media report says a little-known group, the Deccan Mujahideen, has claimed responsibility for the Mumbai terrorist attacks.

The Press Trust of India news agency said Thursday the group sent e-mails to several media outlets.
Today in Asia – Pacific
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The gunmen were specifically targeting Britons and Americans, media reports said.

A top police official said gunmen, after opening fire, were holding hostages at two luxury Mumbai hotels. A.N. Roy, a senior police officer in Mumbai, says the hostages are being held at the Taj Mahal and Oberoi hotels.

The gunmen also attacked police headquarters in south Mumbai, the area where most of the attacks, which began late Wednesday and continued into Thursday morning, took place.

“We are under fire, there is shooting at the gate,” said a constable, A. Shetti, by phone from police headquarters.

Hours after the first attacks, A.N. Roy, a senior police officer, said police continued to battle the gunmen.

“The terrorists have used automatic weapons and in some places grenades have been lobbed, the encounters are still going on and we are trying to overpower them,” Roy said.

Johnny Joseph, chief secretary for Maharashtra state, of which Mumbai is the capital, said 78 people had been killed and 200 had been injured.

The motive for the attacks was not immediately clear but Mumbai has frequently been targeted in terror attacks, often blamed on Muslim militants, including a series of blasts in July 2007 that killed 187 people.

Gunmen also attacked the crowded Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus station in southern Mumbai and Leopold’s restaurant, a Mumbai landmark.

A Briton eating at the Oberoi told Sky News television that the attackers were singling out Britons and Americans.

Alex Chamberlain said a gunman, a young man of 22 or 23, ushered 30 or 40 people from the restaurant into a stairway and ordered everyone to put up their hands.

“They were talking about British and Americans specifically. There was an Italian guy, who, you know, they said: ‘Where are you from?’ and he said he’s from Italy and they said ‘fine’ and they left him alone. And I thought: ‘Fine, they’re going to shoot me if they ask me anything’ – and thank God they didn’t,” he said.

Chamberlain said the gunman spoke in Hindi or Urdu.

He managed to slip away from the group as they were forced to walk up the stairs, but said most of the group was still being kept hostage.

Early Thursday, several European lawmakers were among those still barricaded inside the Taj, a century-old seaside hotel complex and one of the city’s best-known destinations.

“I was in the main lobby and there was all of a sudden a lot of firing outside,” said Sajjad Karim, part of a delegation of European lawmakers visiting Mumbai ahead of a forthcoming EU-India summit. He turned to get away “and all of a sudden another gunmen appeared in front of us, carrying machine gun-type weapons. And he just started firing at us … I just turned and ran in the opposite direction,” he told The Associated Press over his mobile phone.

Hours later, he remained holed up in a hotel restaurant, unsure if the incident was over, and whether it was safe to come out.

At the Oberoi, police officer P.I. Patil said shots had been fired inside and the hotel had been cordoned off. He would not give any other details.

The Press Trust of India news agency quoted Mumbai General Railway Police Commissioner A.K. Sharma as saying that several men armed with rifles and grenades were holed up in the train station.

Leopold’s restaurant was riddled with bullet holes and there were blood stains on the floor and shoes left by fleeing customers, according to an Associated Press reporter at the scene.

At least 25 people had been brought to the G.T. Hospital near the shootings, said hospital official Yogesh Pandey.

India has been wracked by deadly bomb attacks in recent years, which police blame on Muslim militants intent on destabilizing this largely Hindu country. Since October 2005, nearly 700 people have died in the bombings. And since May a militant group calling itself the Indian Mujahideen had taken credit for a string of blasts that have killed more than 130.

November 28, 2008 at 12:06 pm Leave a comment

wonderful freekick

November 25, 2008 at 4:20 am Leave a comment

Juventus History

Juventus F.C.

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Juventus F.C.
Juventus crest
Full name Juventus Football Club S.p.A.
Nickname(s) La Vecchia Signora[1] (The Old Lady)
La Fidanzata d’Italia (The fiance of Italy)
I bianconeri (The white-blacks)
Le Zebre (The Zebras)
Founded 1 November 1897
Ground Stadio Olimpico,[2]
Turin, Italy
(Capacity: 27,500)
Chairman Flag of Italy Giovanni Cobolli Gigli
Head Coach Flag of Italy Claudio Ranieri
League Serie A
2007-08 Serie A, 3rd
Team colours Team colours Team colours
Team colours
Team colours
Home colours
Team colours Team colours Team colours
Team colours
Team colours
Away colours
Current season

Juventus Football Club (BIT: JUVE) (from Latin[3] iuventus: youth, pronounced [juˈvɛntus]), commonly referred to as simply Juventus or Juve, is a football club based in Turin, Italy. Juventus is the most successful team in the history of Italian football.[4] Overall, the club have won 51 official trophies, more than any other Italian team; 40 in Italy, which is also a record,[5] and 11 in European and world competitions.[6] The Old Lady is the third most successful club in Europe and the sixth in the world with the most international titles officially recognised by one of the six continental football confederations[7] and FIFA.[8]

The club was the first Italian and Southern European side to have won the UEFA Cup.[9] In 1985, Juventus, the only team in the world to have won all official international cups and championships[7] (which includes all official European competitions[7] and the Intercontinental Cup),[10] became the first club in the history of European football to have won all three major UEFA competitions.[11]

In Italy, Juventus is the club which has the biggest fan base,[12] having also one of the largest numbers of supporters in the world, with a total of 170 million Juventus’s tifosi worldwide.[13] The club is a founding member of the European Club Association, which was formed after the dissolution of the G-14, a collection of Europe’s most elite clubs.

At present, the bianconeri play their home games at the Stadio Olimpico di Torino. The stadium which the club owns, Stadio delle Alpi is undergoing long-term structural changes[2] and will not be completed for use until 2011.[14][15]

Contents

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[edit] History

Historic first ever Juventus club shot in 1898.

Juventus were founded as Sport Club Juventus in late 1897 by pupils from the Massimo D’Azeglio Lyceum school in Turin,[16] but were renamed as Football Club Juventus two years later.[17] The club joined the Italian Football Championship during 1900, wearing their original pink and black kit. Juventus first won the league championship in 1905 while playing at their Velodromo Umberto I ground and wearing their famous black and white stripes.[18]

There was a split at the club in 1906, after some of the staff considered moving Juve out of Turin.[19] President Alfredo Dick was unhappy with this and left with some prominent players to found FBC Torino which in turn spawned the Derby della Mole.[20] Juventus spent much of this period steadily rebuilding after the split, surviving the First World War.[18]

[edit] League dominance

Fiat owner Edoardo Agnelli gained control of the club in 1923, building a new stadium.[21] This helped the club to their second league championship by the 1925–26 season beating Alba Roma with an aggregate score of 12–1, Antonio Vojak‘s goals were essential that season.[18] The 1930s proved to be even more fruitful, the club won five consecutive league titles from 1930 through to 1935, most were under coach Carlo Carcano[18] with star players such as Raimundo Orsi, Luigi Bertolini, Giovanni Ferrari and Luis Monti amongst others.

Juventus had a new ground in the form of the Stadio Comunale, though for the rest of the 1930s and the majority of the 1940s they were unable to recapture championship dominance. After the Second World War, Gianni Agnelli was put in place as honorary president.[21] The club added two more scudetto championship’s to their name in the 1949–50 and 1951–52 seasons, the latter of which was under the management of Englishman Jesse Carver.

Two new strikers were signed during 1957–58, in the form of Welshman John Charles and Italo-Argentine Omar Sivori, playing alongside longtime member Giampiero Boniperti. That season saw Juventus awarded with the Golden Star for Sport Excellence to wear on their shirt after becoming the first Italian side to win ten league titles. In the same season, Omar Sivori became the first ever player at the club to win the European Footballer of the Year.[22] The following season they beat Fiorentina to complete their first league and cup double, winning Serie A and Coppa Italia. Boniperti retired in 1961, he retired as the all-time top scorer at the club, with 182 goals in all competitions; a club record which would last for 45 years.[23]

For the rest of the decade the club won the league just once more in 1966–67,[18] However, the 1970s would see Juventus further solidify their strong position in Italian football. Under former player Čestmír Vycpálek they won the scudetto in 1971–72 and 1972–73,[18] with players such as Roberto Bettega, Franco Causio and José Altafini breaking through. During the rest of the decade they won the league two more times, with defender Gaetano Scirea contributing significantly. The latter of which was won under Giovanni Trapattoni, the man who would help the club’s domination continue on in the early part of the 1980s.[24]

[edit] European stage

Michel Platini holding aloft the Ballon d’Or in bianconeri colours.

The Trapattoni-era was highly successful in the 1980s, the Old Lady started the decade off well, winning the league title three more times by 1984.[18] This meant Juventus had won 20 Italian league titles and were allowed to add a second golden star to their shirt, thus becoming the only Italian club to achieve this.[24] Around this time the club’s players were garnering attention on a large scale; Paolo Rossi was made European Footballer of the Year and had led Italy to victory in the 1982 FIFA World Cup.[25]

Frenchman Michel Platini was also awarded the European Footballer of the Year title for three years in a row; 1983, 1984 and 1985, which is a record.[22] Juventus are the only club to have players from their club winning the award in four consecutive years.[22] Indeed it was Platini who scored the winning goal in the 1985 European Cup final against Liverpool, however this was marred by a tragedy which would change European football; the Heysel Stadium disaster, in which 39 people (mostly Juventus fans) were killed by the stadium wall collapsing when Liverpool supporters rioted, it has been named “the darkest hour in the history of the UEFA competitions”[26] and resulted in the banning of all English clubs from European competition.

With the exception of winning the closely contested Italian Championship of 1985–86, the rest of the 1980s were not very successful for the club. As well as having to contend with Diego Maradona‘s Napoli, both of the Milanese clubs Milan and Inter won Italian championships.[18] In 1990, Juventus moved into their new home; Stadio delle Alpi which was built for the 1990 World Cup.[27]

[edit] The Lippi era

Marcello Lippi took over as Juventus manager at the start of the 1994–95 campaign.[28] His first season at the helm of the club was a successful one, as Juventus recorded their first Serie A championship title since the mid-1980s.[18] The crop of players during this period featured Ciro Ferrara, Roberto Baggio, Gianluca Vialli and a young Alessandro Del Piero. Lippi lead Juventus to the Champions League the following season, beating Ajax on penalties after a 1–1 draw in which Fabrizio Ravanelli scored for Juve.[29]

Juventus record breaker Alessandro Del Piero.

The club did not rest long after winning the European Cup, more highly regarded players were brought into the fold in the form of Zinédine Zidane, Filippo Inzaghi and Edgar Davids.[30] At home Juventus won Serie A in 1996–97 and 1997–98, as well as the 1996 European Super Cup. Juventus reached the 1997 and 1998 Champions League finals during this period, but lost out to Borussia Dortmund and Real Madrid respectively.[31]

After leaving for a brief season, Lippi returned, signing big name players such as Gianluigi Buffon,[32] David Trézéguet, Pavel Nedvěd and Lilian Thuram, helping the team to two more scudetto titles in the 2001–02 and 2002–03 seasons.[18] Juventus were also part of an all Italian Champions League final in 2003 but lost out to AC Milan on penalties after the game ended in a 0–0 draw. The following year, Lippi was appointed as Italy’s head coach, bringing an end to one of the most fruitful managerial spells in Juventus’ history.[24]

[edit] Recent times

Fabio Capello became manager of Juventus in 2004, and lead Juventus to two more Serie A titles. But during May 2006, Juventus were one of five clubs linked to a Serie A match fixing scandal, the result of the scandal saw the club relegated to Serie B for the first time in their history, as well as being stripped of the two titles won under Capello.[33]

Many key players were sold, however, other big name players remained to help the club return to Serie A. The season was notable because Alessandro Del Piero broke club records, by becoming the first Juventus player to appear 500 times in all competitions for the club.[34] The bianconeri were promoted straight back up as league winners after the 2006–07 season. Since their return to Serie A in the 2007-08 season former Chelsea manager Claudio Ranieri is at the helm of the Old Lady..[35] They finished in 3rd place in their first return season and qualified for the third qualifying round of the 2008/2009 Champions League Preliminary stages.

[edit] Colors, badge and nicknames

Team colours Team colours Team colours
Team colours
Team colours
Juventus’ original home colors.

Juventus have played in black and white striped shirts, with white shorts, sometimes black shorts since 1903. Originally, they played in pink shirts with a black tie, which only occurred due to the wrong shirts being sent to them, the father of one of the players made the earliest shirts, but continual washing faded the color so much that in 1903 the club sought to replace them.[36]

Juventus asked one of their team members, Englishman John Savage, if he had any contacts in England who could supply new shirts in a color that would better withstand the elements. He had a friend who lived in Nottingham, who being a Notts County supporter, shipped out the black and white striped shirts to Turin.[36]

Juve have worn the shirts ever since, considering the colors to be aggressive and powerful.[36]
Team colours Team colours Team colours
Team colours
Team colours
Juventus’ current third kit.

Juventus Football Club’s official emblem has undergone different and small modifications since the second decade of twentieth century. The last modification of the Old Lady’s badge took place before 2004–05 season. At the present time, the emblem of the team is conformed to a black-and-white oval shield; a type of Italian shield specially used by ecclesiastics, it is divided in five vertical stripes: two white stripes and three black stripes, inside of this are the following elements; in its superior section, the name of the society superimposed a white convex section, over golden curvature (gold for honour). The white silhouette of a charging bull is in the inferior section of the oval shield, superimposed a black old French shield; the charging bull is a symbol of the Comune di Torino. There is also a black silhouette of a mural crown above the black spherical triangle’s base is a reminiscence to “Augusta Tourinorum”, the old city of the Roman era which the present capital of Piedmont region is its cultural heiress.

Juventus F.C. crest in 2004.

In the past, the convex section of the emblem had a blue color (another symbol of Turin) and, furthermore, its shape was concave. The old French shield and the mural crown, also in the inferior section of the emblem had, considerably, a greater size with respect to the present. The two Golden Stars for Sport Excellence were located above the convex & concave section of Juventus’ emblem. During the 1980s, the club emblem was the silhouette of a zebra, to both sides of the equide‘s head, the two golden stars and, above this badge, forming an arc, the clubs name.

During its history, the club has acquired a number of nicknames, la Vecchia Signora[1] (the Old Lady) being the best example. The “old” part of the nickname is a pun on Juventus which means “youth” in Latin.[3] It was derived from the age of the Juventus’ star players towards the middle of 1930s. The “lady” part of the nickname is what fans of the club referred to it as affectionately prior to the 1930s. The club is also nicknamed la Fidanzata d’Italia (the Girlfriend of Italy), because over the years they have received a high level of support from Southern Italian immigrant workers (particularly from Naples and Palermo), who arrived in Turin to work for Fiat since the 1930s. Other nicknames include; i bianconeri (the black-and-whites) and le zebre (the zebras[37]) in reference to Juventus’ colors.

[edit] Stadia

Stadio Olimpico di Torino, home ground from 1933 to 1990.

After the first two years (1897 and 1898) in which Juventus played the Parco del Valentino and Parco Cittadella, the matches took place internal Piazza d’Armi Stadium until 1908, except in 1905, the first year of the scudetto, and in 1906, years in which it played quickly Corso Re Umberto.

Later, from 1909 to 1922, Juventus played its internal competitions at Corso Sebastopoli Camp, and then move from the following year until 1933 to Corso Marsiglia Camp, where he won four league titles. At the end of 1933 began to play the new stadium Benito Mussolini (former Stadio Comunale Vittorio Pozzo and finally Stadio Olimpico di Torino), inaugurated in view of the 1934 World Championships. In that stage played 890 league matches for 57 years until 1990.[38] Even then continued to train at this stage, until the City of Turin, in 15 July 2003, gave him a royalty-free basis to Turin, giving the same “Delle Alpi” to the company.[39]

Stadio Delle Alpi, Juventus’ home stadium since 1990.

Beginning in 1990 and until the 2005-06 season, the Torinese side has contested all home matches at Stadio Delle Alpi, which was built during the World Cup Italy 1990, although in very rare circumstances, the club instead played some “home” games in other stadia such as Renzo Barbera at Palermo, Dino Manuzzi at Cesena and the Stadio Giuseppe Meazza at Milan.[39]

In August 2006, the bianconeri returned to play in the Stadio Comunale, now with the stage name of Stadio Olimpico, after the restructuring of Stadio Delle Alpi during the Winter Olympic Games, plant able to accommodate 27,500 spectators.

On November 20, 2008, club officials announced plans to build a new stadium on the current site of the Delle Alpi. The stadium will have a capacity of just 40 thousand and is expected to cost £90m. The bianconeri hope to start play in their new stadium for the 2011-12 season.

[edit] Supporters and rivalries

For more details on this topic, see Derby della Mole, Derby d’Italia and Juventus Ultras.

Juventus supporters during a match.

Juventus is the most well supported football club in Italy with over 11 million fans (28% of Italian football fans), according to an August 2007 research by Italian newspaper La Repubblica,[12] as well as one of the most supported football clubs in the world, with approximately 170 million supporters[13] (43 million of them in Europe alone),[13] particularly in the Mediterranean countries, to which many Italians have emigrated.[40] The Old Lady has fan clubs all over the world outside of Italy, from places as far apart as Canada,[41] United States,[42] Malta,[43] San Marino,[44] England,[45] Iran,[46] Greece,[47] Israel,[48] Vietnam,[49] Malaysia, Australia, India, Saudi Arabia, Macedonia, Uruguay and many more.[50]

Despite this strong support, attendances at Juventus home matches average about 22,000, much less than many other highly renowned European teams. Contrastingly, demand for Juventus tickets in occasional home games held away from Turin is high; suggesting that Juventus have stronger support in other parts of the country. Juve is widely and especially popular throughout mainland Southern Italy and Sicily, leading the team to have one of the largest followings in its away matches,[51] more than in Turin itself.

Juventus ultras have good relationships with Piacenza, ADO Den Haag and Legia Warsaw fans and have several rivalries, three of which are highly significant.[52] The first is with local club Torino, they compete in the Derby della Mole (Derby of Torino) together; this rivalry dates back to 1906 when Torino was founded by former Juve members. The other most significant rivalry is with Internazionale; matches between Juventus and Inter are referred to as the Derby d’Italia (Derby of Italy). Up until the 2006 Serie A match-fixing scandal, which saw Juventus relegated, the two were the only Italian clubs to have never played below Serie A. Notably the two sides are the first and the third most supported clubs in Italy and the rivalry has intensified since the later part of the 1990s; reaching its highest levels ever post-Calciopoli, with the return of Juventus to Serie A. They also have a rivalry with ACF Fiorentina.[53]

[edit] Current squad

First team squad, as of 1 September 2008 [54]

No. Position Player
1 Flag of Italy GK Gianluigi Buffon (vice-captain)
3 Flag of Italy DF Giorgio Chiellini
4 Flag of Sweden DF Olof Mellberg
5 Flag of France DF Jonathan Zebina
6 Flag of Italy MF Cristiano Zanetti
7 Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina MF Hasan Salihamidžić
8 Flag of Brazil FW Amauri
9 Flag of Italy FW Vincenzo Iaquinta
10 Flag of Italy FW Alessandro Del Piero (captain)
11 Flag of the Czech Republic MF Pavel Nedvěd (vice-captain)
12 Flag of Italy GK Antonio Chimenti
13 Flag of Austria GK Alex Manninger
15 Flag of Croatia DF Dario Knežević
No. Position Player
16 Flag of Italy MF Mauro Camoranesi
17 Flag of France FW David Trézéguet
18 Flag of Denmark MF Christian Poulsen
19 Flag of Italy MF Claudio Marchisio
20 Flag of Italy MF Sebastian Giovinco
21 Flag of the Czech Republic DF Zdeněk Grygera
22 Flag of Mali MF Mohamed Sissoko
23 Flag of Colombia MF Juan David Moreno
27 Flag of Sweden MF Albin Ekdal
28 Flag of Italy DF Cristian Molinaro
29 Flag of Italy DF Paolo De Ceglie
30 Flag of Portugal MF Tiago
32 Flag of Italy MF Marco Marchionni
33 Flag of Italy DF Nicola Legrottaglie
38 Flag of Spain MF Yago

[edit] Notable players

[edit] Presidential history

Juventus have had numerous presidents over the course of their history, some of which have been the owners of the club, others have been honorary presidents, here is a complete list of them:[55]

Name Years
Eugenio Canfari 1897–1898
Enrico Canfari 1898–1901
Carlo Favale 1901–1902
Giacomo Parvopassu 1903–1904
Alfred Dick 1905–1906
Carlo Vittorio Varetti 1907–1910
Attilio Ubertalli 1911–1912
Giuseppe Hess 1913–1915
Gioacchino Armano
Fernando Nizza
Sandro Zambelli
1915–1918(cpg.)
Corrado Corradini 1919–1920
Gino Olivetti 1920–1923
Edoardo Agnelli 1923–1935
Name Years
Giovanni Mazzonis 1935–1936
Emilio de la Forest de Divonne 1936–1941
Pietro Dusio 1941–1947
Giovanni Agnelli (Honorary president) 1947–1954
Enrico Craveri
Nino Cravetto
Marcello Giustiniani
1954–1955(int.)
Umberto Agnelli 1955–1962
Vittore Catella 1962–1971
Giampiero Boniperti (Honorary president) 1971–1990
Vittorio Caissotti di Chiusano 1990–2003
Franzo Grande Stevens (Honorary president) 2003–2006
Giovanni Cobolli Gigli 2006–present

Legend:
(cpg.)Presidential Committee of War.
(int.) Presidents on interim charge.

[edit] Managerial history

Below is a list of Juventus managers from 1923 when the Agnelli family took over and the club become more structured and organized,[21] until the present day.[56]

Name Nationality Years
Jenő Károly Flag of Hungary 1923–1926
József Viola Flag of Hungary 1926(int.)
József Viola Flag of Hungary 1926–1928
George Aitken Flag of Scotland 1928–1930
Carlo Carcano Flag of Italy 1930–1935
Carlo Bigatto Iº
Benedetto Gola
Flag of Italy
Flag of Italy
1935(int.)
Virginio Rosetta Flag of Italy 1935–1939
Umberto Caligaris Flag of Italy 1939–1941
Federico Munerati Flag of Italy 1941(int.)
Giovanni Ferrari Flag of Italy 1941-1942
Luis Monti Flag of Argentina / Flag of Italy 1942(int.)
Felice Placido Borel IIº Flag of Italy 1942–1946
Renato Cesarini Flag of Italy 1946–1948
William Chalmers Flag of Scotland 1948–1949
Jesse Carver Flag of England 1949–1951
Luigi Bertolini Flag of Italy 1951(int.)
György Sárosi Flag of Hungary 1951–1953
Aldo Olivieri Flag of Italy 1953–1955
Sandro Puppo Flag of Italy 1955–1957
Ljubiša Broćić Flag of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia 1957–1959
Teobaldo Depetrini Flag of Italy 1959(int.)
Renato Cesarini Flag of Italy 1959–1961
Carlo Parola Flag of Italy 1961(int.)
Name Nationality Years
Gunnar Gren
Július Korostelev
Flag of Sweden
Flag of Czechoslovakia
1961(int.)
Carlo Parola Flag of Italy 1961–1962
Paulo Lima Amaral Flag of Brazil 1962–1964
Eraldo Monzeglio Flag of Italy 1964(int.)
Heriberto Herrera Flag of Paraguay 1964–1969
Lùis Carniglia Flag of Argentina 1969–1970
Ercole Rabitti Flag of Italy 1970(int.)
Armando Picchi Flag of Italy 1970–1971
Čestmír Vycpálek Flag of the Czech Republic 1971–1974
Carlo Parola Flag of Italy 1974–1976
Giovanni Trapattoni Flag of Italy 1976–1986
Rino Marchesi Flag of Italy 1986–1988
Dino Zoff Flag of Italy 1988–1990
Luigi Maifredi Flag of Italy 1990–1991
Giovanni Trapattoni Flag of Italy 1991–1994
Marcello Lippi Flag of Italy 1994–1999
Carlo Ancelotti Flag of Italy 1999–2001
Marcello Lippi Flag of Italy 2001–2004
Fabio Capello Flag of Italy 2004–2006
Didier Deschamps Flag of France 2006–2007
Giancarlo Corradini Flag of Italy 2007(int.)
Claudio Ranieri Flag of Italy 2007–present

Legend:
(int.) Managers on interim charge.
Nationality is indicated by the corresponding FIFA country code(s).

[edit] Honours

Main article: Juventus F.C. honours

Historically, Juventus is the Italy’s most successful team, having won a total of 40 trophies,[5] and one of the most prestigious football clubs in the world,[4] having won a total of 11 trophies,[6] making them the third most winning team in Europe and sixth in the world for official international competition won,[8] all recognized by Union of European Football Association and International Federation of Association Football.[6]

The Old Lady has earned the distinction of being allowed to wear a two Golden Stars for Sport Excellence (Stelle d’Oro al Merito Sportivo) on its shirt representing the league’s victories of the bianconeri: the tenth, achieved during the 1957–58 season and the twentieth, in 1981–82 season. Juventus, the only football club in the world to have won all official international cups and championships,[7] has received, in recognition to win the three major European club competitions,[11] as first case in the history of the European football, The UEFA Plaque by the Union of European Football Associations in 1987.[57]

The Torinese side was placed 7th -and first between all Italian clubs- in the FIFA Clubs of the 20th Centurys selection on 31 December 2000.

[edit] National titles

  • Winners: 1995; 1997; 2002; 2003
  • Runners-up (3): 1990; 1998; 2005

[edit] European titles

[edit] World-wide titles

[edit] Club statistics and records

Alessandro Del Piero holds Juventus’ official appearance record (560 as of 19 May 2008). He took over from Gaetano Scirea on 6 March 2008 against Palermo. Giampiero Boniperti holds the record for Lega Calcio Serie A appearances with 444.

Including all official competitions, Alessandro Del Piero is the all-time leading goalscorer for Juventus, with 241 goals -as of 19 May 2008- since joining the club in 1993. Giampiero Boniperti, who was the all-time topscorer since 1961 comes in second in all competitions with 182, but is still the top league goalscorer for the Old Lady as of June 2007.[63][64]

In the 1933–34 season, Felice Placido Borel II° scored 31 goals in 34 appearances, setting the club record for Serie A goals in a single season. Ferenc Hirzer is the club’s highest scorer in a single season with 35 goals in 26 appearances in the 1925–26 season (record of Italian football). The most goals scored by a player in a single match is 6, which is also an Italian record. This was achieved by Omar Enrique Sivori in a game against Inter in the 1960–61 season.[18]

The first ever official game participated in by Juventus was in the Third Federal Football Championship, the predecessor of Serie A, against FBC Torinese; Juve lost 0–1. The biggest ever victory recorded by Juventus was 15–0 against Cento, in the second round of the Coppa Italia in the 1926–27 season. In terms of the league; ACF Fiorentina and US Fiumana were famously on the end of the Old Lady’s biggest championship wins, both were beaten 11–0 and were recorded in the 1928–29 season. Juventus’ heaviest championship defeats came during the 1911–12 and 1912–13 seasons; they were against Milan in 1912 (1–8) and Torino Calcio in 1913 (0–8).[18]

The Old Lady holds the record for the most goals in a single season, in the top flight of Italian football, this includes national league, national cup and European competition, with a total of 106 goals in the 1992–93 season. The sale of Zinédine Zidane to Real Madrid of Spain from Juventus in 2001, set the current world football transfer record for the most expensive deal, costing the Spanish club around £46 million.[65]

[edit] Contribution to the Italian national team

For more details on this topic, see Italian national football team.

Overall, Juventus is the club that has contributed the most players to the Italian national team in its history,[66] they are the only Italian club that has contributed players to every Italian national teams since the 2nd FIFA World Cup.[67] Juventus have contributed numerous players to Italy’s World Cup campaigns, these successful periods principally have coincided with two golden ages of the Turin club’s history, referred as Il Quinquennio d’Oro (The Golden Quinquennium), from 1931 until 1935, and Il Ciclo Leggendario (The Legendary Cycle), from 1972 to 1986.

Below are a list of Juventus players who represented the Italian national team during World Cup winning tournaments;[68]

Two Juventus players have won the golden boot award at the World Cup with Italy; Paolo Rossi in 1982 and Salvatore Schillaci in 1990. As well as contributing to Italy’s World Cup winning sides, two Juventus players Alfredo Foni and Pietro Rava, represented Italy in the gold medal winning squad at the 1936 Summer Olympics. Three bianconeri players represented their nation during the 1968 European Football Championship win for Italy; Sandro Salvadore, Ernesto Càstano and Giancarlo Bercellino.[69]

Juventus have also contributed to a lesser degree to the national sides of other nations. Zinédine Zidane and captain Didier Deschamps were Juventus players when they won the 1998 World Cup with France, making the total number of Juventus World Cup winners 24, more than any other club around the world (three other players in the 1998 squad, Patrick Vieira, David Trézéguet and Lilian Thuram have all played for Juventus at one time or another). Three Juventus players have also won the European Football Championship with a nation other than Italy, Luis del Sol won it in 1964 with Spain, while the Frenchmen Michel Platini and Zidane won the competition in 1984 and 2000 respectively.[70]

[edit] Juventus Football Club as a company

Since 27 June 1967 Juventus Football Club has been a joint stock company (Società per Azioni in Italian language)[71] and since 3 December 2001 the torinese side is listed on the Borsa Italiana.[72] Currently, the Juventus’ shares are distributed between 60% to IFIL Investments S.p.A,[73] the Agnelli family‘s holding (a company of the Giovanni Agnelli & C.S.a.p.a Group),[74] 7.5% to Libyan Arab Foreign Investment Co.[75] and 32.5% to other shareholders.[75]

Along with Lazio and Roma, the Old Lady is one of only three Italian clubs quotated in Borsa Italiana (Italian stock exchange). According to The Football Money League published by consultants Deloitte, in the season 2005–06, Juventus was the third highest earning football club in the world with an estimated revenue of €251.2 million.[76]

[edit] Shirt sponsors and manufacturers

Period Kit manufacturer Shirt sponsor[77]
1979–1989 Kappa Ariston
1989–1992 Upim
1992–1995 Danone
1995–1998 Sony / Sony Minidisk
1998–1999 D+Libertà digitale / Tele+
1999–2000 CanalSatellite / D+Libertà digitale / Sony
2000–2001 Ciao Web / Lotto Sportal.com / Tele+
2001–2002 Lotto FASTWEB / Tu Mobile
2002–2003 FASTWEB / Tamoil
2003–2004 Nike
2004–2005 Sky Sports / Tamoil
2005–2007 Tamoil
2007–present New Holland (belongs to FIAT)

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